Keeping your home 's drainage systems working efficiently is necessary to prevent waste water and roof runoff from overflowing or causing leaks inside your home. A clear sewer line and proper roof drainage protects your home's interior from moisture problems that can lead to bacteria buildup and mold and mildew growth. Here are some tips and insight to help you keep your home's drainage systems properly maintained and flowing well.
Clear and Repair Sewer Lines
Your home's sewer lines are responsible for draining all sewage and waste water from your home every day. If you flush anything into the lines that can cause the line to clog, you will end up with a blocked pipe and possibly an overflowing drain or toilet. A kitchen sink disposal is helpful for rinsing food debris down the sink when you are cleaning up from meals, but using the disposal in excess or with the wrong types of waste can cause a clog in your sewer line. For example, fibrous vegetables, eggshells, potato peelings, and oils and fats can clog the blade and also stick inside your sewer line, causing a clog.
When you encounter a clog in your sewer line that you cannot clear using a flange-less plunger, you will need a sewer snake to clear it from the line. You can buy a sewer snake that will attach to a power drill at most home improvement stores. Run the snake into your sewer line drain cleanout, which is usually located in your basement or near where the sewer line exits your home. Extend the snake until it reaches the block, then run the drill to dislodge the clog.
Often, your personal-use sewer snake may not be long enough to reach a deep-set clog, or the clog won't loosen due to damage to your sewer pipe. At this point, you can hire a professional plumber to check your sewer line for any additional problems. They have access to industrial sewer snakes, which are longer and stronger to help remove a difficult clog. They also have a camera they can put into the sewer line to view the interior of the pipe and its condition. This will help determine if your sewer pipe has become damaged or if is collapsing due to age or other problems that will require a line replacement.
Clean Out and Maintain Downspouts
The gutters and downspouts on your home's roof drain the rain runoff from your roof and away from your home's foundation. Without properly working gutters and downspouts, the soil around your home will become eroded and saturated by roof runoff. Saturation of the soil will cause moisture to seep into cracks or gaps within your foundation and basement walls and get into your basement space. If your basement walls and floor have been finished, the moisture will cause the materials to become soaked and promote growth of mold and mildew.
Keeping your basement dry begins with clearing your downspouts and gutters of any blockages as soon as they occur. When your downspout becomes clogged, you can clear the debris with a sewer snake by running it up into the downspout. This can be a do-it-yourself task, as you can connect a sewer snake onto your power drill to rotate the end of the snake. As you rotate the snake, push the snake in and out of the downspout until the blockage has been cleared. Check to make sure it has been cleared by running water into the downspout with your garden hose.
Add downspout diverters onto the ends of your downspouts if they have not already been installed to move the flow of water away from your home. It is recommended by professionals that you divert runoff at least five or more feet away from your foundation to keep the moisture from saturating your foundation and landscaping.
Contact a company like Calhoun Plumbing for additional advice.